Oman Fast Facts
Monarchy with a
provisional legislature (the Majlis Ash
Head of State:
His Majesty, Sultan Qaboos bin Said
of the Sultanate of Oman
Oil, natural gas,
agriculture, and fishing
His Majesty Sultan Qaboos
Bin Said is Head of State and rules by
decree. He is assisted by a cabinet of
ministers, Diwan of the Royal Court (the
central body of bureaucratic affairs),
and the Majlis Ash Shura, a body of
representatives elected by the populace.
Approximately 3.83 million. Around 2.15 million are Omani nationals. The remaining are expatriates from India, Pakistan, Asia, other Arab countries, Europe and USA.
The Sultanate encompasses an area
of 300,000 sq kms.
Muscat International Airport, 40
km from Muscat city centre.
Muscat International Airport, located in
Muscat, serves many international
airlines such as British Airways,
Kuwait Airways, Swiss, Emirates, Air
India and Pakistan International Airline.
The national carrier is Oman Air, which
flies to the United Arab Emirates (UAE),
India, Pakistan, Qatar, Egypt, and Sri
Lanka as well as performing domestic
flights to Salalah, Masirah Island and
Climate: The country's climate is
predominantly arid and varies slightly
from one region to another. In the
coastal areas, the weather is hot and
humid during the summer months, while it
is dry elsewhere in the interior. Milder
weather dominates the mountains and Dhofar region all the year round. Winter
temperatures can be as low as 15°Celsius
and summer temperatures can be as high
as 48° Celsius in Muscat and as high as
54° in the desert.
Dhofar, located in the southernv region
of the country however, enjoys a regular
monsoon between June and October, every
Average Temperature in Oman (in Degree
Best Time to visit :
The best time of
the year to visit Oman is between
October and April, when the weather is
pleasantly warm in the day and cool in
the evening. Temperature averages at
25-35 degrees centigrade during the day
and dips to 17-19 degrees centigrade at
Religion: Islam, predominantly Ibadhi
Language: Official language is Arabic.
Other languages spoken include Urdu,
Swahili and Baluchi. English is widely
spoken and along with Arabic is the
common business language. Most Hotel
staff speak German and French as well.
Culture: Like all the Arab countries,
Arab Islamic Culture dominates the life
style in the Sultanate. However, being
an international market, people of
various other nationalities are also
National Dress: Men - dishdasha (robe),Kimah
Women - jallabia (dress), sirwall
(trousers), thobe (overdress cloak,
lahaf (head shawl), abaya (black cloak).
Women generally leave their face and
hands exposed, while in the desert,
women of the Bedouin tribes wear a mask,
called a "birqa."
Ministries and government establishments
- 7:30 am to 2:30 pm (Sun-Thu, week-end is Friday and Saturday)
Private sector companies - 8:00am to 1:00pm; 2:00pm to 6:00pm (Sunday-Thursday)
Markets: 8:00am to 1:00pm, 4:00pm to
Banks: 8:00 am to 12 noon.
Timings differ during Ramadan.
Ramadan, the holy month of fasting, is
the ninth month on the Islamic calendar,
which is a lunar calendar. Every year Ramadan
shifts back about ten days on the
western solar calendar. Restaurants and other
eateries are closed during daylight
hours during the Holy Ramadan period.
Shopping hours: Shopping establishments are open from
9am to 1 pm and 4pm to 9 pm. Department
stores, supermarkets and shopping
complexes are open throughout the day
during Ramadan from 9am to 10 pm, with a
short lunch break all through the week,
These timings could vary
with different shops.